Body weakness less salt, Not necessarily need a lot of drinking

HO, 08 September 2020

Nowadays, sports are already part of a healthy lifestyle that needs to be encouraged, we can see a lot of people who exercise, from cycling, running and others. Sometimes when exercising, our bodies are exhausted so we  need to drink  electrolyte  fluids  to  restore the body freshness . Or  when diarrhea  our body need a lot of drinking  to  replace the fluid loss because  at that  time we  also  lack  of electrolytes , especially  sodium  electrolytes.   This is  due   to dehydration.   Many things can cause the weakness of the body,  not  only  lack of salt,  can  also due to infectious diseases ,  metabolic diseases,  or  lack of nutrients  etc. Especially  for the  body  weakness  caused by  less  salt  it  is not  always necessarily to  drink  water  or electrolyte salts !!!.

            This condition should be   a concern,  so  in  what conditions   the body  can  be weak  because of the  lack  of salt  but it is precisely  not  recommended  to  drink  water  or  add  salt. This  condition in the    medical concept is called  "Dilutional  hyponatremia"  or dilution  occurs  in the  body  so that    it seems that the level of salt  in the  body  decreases  but  actually  occurs  fluid  buildup  so that   the dilution of salt  in the  body. And of course  this  is not      due to  sports  or    diarrhea, but precisely    it is the  opposite condition  and still  occurs low  levels  of salt  in the  body.

            This  condition can  arise  in    2  conditions. Firstly,  excessive  fluid  buildup  with the symptoms of swelling and secondly, the fluid excessive is not too  visible.

The  first  condition is characterized  by excessive  body fluid  with a sign and symptom of edema,  this conditions often found in heart failure,  renal failure and  hepatic failure.  In this condition, the body will feel weak  because of lack of salt  but  there  will be  restrictions on drinking  and salt  because the addition of water and salt  will burden the body.

            While in the second condition, the body will feel weak because less salt but there is no sign of edema and no    sign of dehydration. It often appears in some conditions such as patients with a history of cancer, stroke, chronic infections or also elderly.  It needs attention and only considered as an addition   to its main illness. And the provision of drinking and salt    will not solve the problem in these two matters.

            In both conditions, there is an increase in the body fluid caused by the increase of hormone in the body   called vasopressin which has   one function of increasing fluid in the body.

            Thus, there is a condition where the body weakness less salt and a lot of drinking is not a solution and it can even be dangerous. This condition is called dilutional hyponatremia.